Descartes and Wewton, Phil 472 Long Paper (Essay Sample) ..
The work and ordeal of Galileo is seen as the beginning of the age of science in Europe. His treatment at the hands of the Church terrified other men of reason, and Rene Descartes, a French contemporary of Galileo's, was decidedly intimidated by Galileo's treatment and backed off from Copernican philosophy when the Church pronounced it heretical. Science and observation eventually prevailed, but not without a cost. Joseph Schwartz made the case in that Galileo, and later Newton, couched their work in mathematics to make them less susceptible to the Church's attacks. Schwartz argued that those strategic decisions sent science awry and made it rely on mathematics too much, which made it more occult than it needed to be. I have never run into a scientific theory that could not largely be explained without mathematics. Math is useful, but many textbooks and other presentations of scientific theories that get so deeply into mathematical minutia that the basic theories themselves get lost under the microscope. Math been used to make science less accessible to the masses, and even ends up confounding scientists at times, and that is a tragedy. Einstein , and said that the more elegant and beautiful the math used to describe a theory, the more likely the theory was wrong.
List of the Greatest Mathematicians ever and their Contributions
(However, M.I.T.'s Pantheon project, using the statistics ofon-line biographies, prepared a list of the Thirty-Five (or Eighty)Most Influential Persons in History; in addition to five (six) names alreadyon our list and Hart's -- Aristotle, Newton, Einstein, Galileo, Euclid (and Descartes) --their list includes four (seven) other mathematiciansmissing from Hart's list: Plato, Leonardo, Pythagoras, Archimedes(and Thales, Pascal, Ptolemy).
He is famous for his Three Laws of Motion(inertia, force, reciprocal action) but, asNewton himself acknowledged, these Laws weren't fully novel:Hipparchus, Ibn al-Haytham, Descartes, Galileo and Huygens had alldeveloped much basic mechanics already; and Newton credits the First Lawto Aristotle.